Most coaches know that periodization include microcycle , mesocycle and also macrocyle. But do you know that ,these 3 phases are actually from these 3 blocks of periodization ?
These 3 blocks periodization are Preparation phase ,Competition phase and also Transition phase .
3 BLOCKS PERIODIZATION
1st Block Preparation phase
This is the longest phase among the 3 blocks periodization .Normally this block is planned annually .
How would you do your planning in this block of periodization ?
During this phase, selected endurance, technical and tactical components should to be the main focus developed .This is to prepare the athlete for the next phase. The preparation phase will further be broken down into 3 more phases, each lasting 4–8 weeks.
1st Phase of Preparation Phase – The training programme should be general , and the load varies from medium to high which aim to continuous development of performance.
2nd Phase of Preparation Phase – During this phase special training methods have to be applied and the load must be close to the athlete’s personal best.
3rd Phase of Preparation Phase – This phase is where specific training took place . The training should be as close as to actual competition. The training prgramme are strictly sport-specific, and the load is high, necessary for adaptation and further progress in the next phase.
2nd Block Competition phase
This phase is the phase where athletes will have their tournaments .This phase is generally depends on the season. Some longer ,some shorter .
3rd Block Transition phase
This is what we normally call “recovery” or ” regeneration” phase following a year’s hard training and games. This phase last around last 3–6 weeks.
What do you do in this phase of training ?
● decreases in training loads;
● less games ;
● maintenance of the acquired fitness levels;
●heal the body.