Malaysia Fitness

Fast Weight Loss 201- The Effect Of Food In Fast Fat Loss Part 2

Does different food will have different impact on fat accumulation?

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In the first part , we discuss the important role of endocrine and it hormones such as Human Growth Hormone(HGH) and Thyroxin or T4 in fat loss. This is the second part of the topic,we are going to explore others different type of hormones that are vital in losing fat.In this second part of the topic, i will be sharing how does the hormone Parathormone and Insulin play an important role in fat loss . For first part go here.

What is Parathormone?

Parathormone, also called parathyroid hormone (PTH), substance produced and secreted by the parathyroid glands that regulates serum calcium concentration.

Parathyroid glands = The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands, located in the neck, that control the body’s calcium levels. – cancer.gov

Photo source:cancer.gov

The Insulin hormone is directly impact on weight loss.When the body produces insulin.. ineffectiveness insulin to convert glucose will prohibit weight loss..

 

 

 

 

 

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How Does Parathormone Related to Fat Loss?

“The results suggest that a chronic diet high in dairy calcium increases whole-body fat oxidation from a meal, and increases in fasting serum PTH relate to decreases in postprandial whole-body fat oxidation.”- source ajcn.nutrition.org

Postprandial = during or relating to the period after dinner or lunch.

” Fasting serum PTH was associated with increased fat mass, in both cross-sectional and prospective analysis. Thus, serum PTH may play a role in the regulation of body fat mass in young women.” – source nature.com

According to above research results, a diet that is high in dairy calcium is able to increases whole-body fat oxidation compare to PTH fasting.

The RDI For Daily Calsium Intake ?

Children & adolescents

Age EAR RDI
All
1-3 yr 360 mg/day 500 mg/day
4-8 yr 520 mg/day 700 mg/day
Boys
9-11 yr 800 mg/day 1,000 mg/day
12-13 yr 1,050 mg/day 1,300 mg/day
14-18 yr 1,050 mg/day 1,300 mg/day
Girls
9-11 yr 800 mg/day 1,000 mg/day
12-13 yr 1,050 mg/day 1,300 mg/day
14-18 yr 1,050 mg/day 1,300 mg/day

Adults

Age EAR RDI
Men
19-30 yr 840 mg/day 1,000 mg/day
31-50 yr 840 mg/day 1,000 mg/day
51-70 yr 840 mg/day 1,000 mg/day
>70 yr 1,100 mg/day 1,300 mg/day
Women
19-30 yr 840 mg/day 1,000 mg/day
31-50 yr 840 mg/day 1,000 mg/day
51-70 yr 1,100 mg/day 1,300 mg/day
>70 yr 1,100 mg/day 1,300 mg/day

source:nrv.gov.au

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What Is Insulin?

Im sure that you have heard alot about this term insulin.Lets explore abit deeper about this insulin thing.

Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas.The body manufactures insulin in the pancreas, and the hormone is secreted by its beta cells. Insulin plays a major role in metabolism.

Beta cells: The main function of a beta cell is to produce and secrete insulin .With each meal, beta cells release insulin to help the body use or store the glucose it gets from food.-diabetes.co.uk

What Does Insulin Do?

As stated in endrocrineweb.com , insulin is a horomone that allows our body to use glucose(sugar) from carbohydrate in the food we eat for energy or store it for future use.Beside that, insulin also very important to keep our blood sugar level stable, from not getting hyperglycemia(too high) or hypoglycemia (too low).

The Type Of Insulin In Our Body

There are 4 types of insulin according to diabetes.co.uk,

1) Rapid-acting insulin (Lispro) reaches the blood within 15 minutes after injection. It peaks 30 to 90 minutes later and may last as long as 5 hours.
2) Short-acting (regular) insulin usually reaches the blood within 30 minutes after injection. It peaks 2 to 4 hours later and stays in the blood for about 4 to 8 hours.
3) Intermediate acting (NPH and lente) insulins reach the blood 2 to 6 hours after injection. They peak 4 to 14 hours later and stay in the blood for about 14 to 20 hours.
4) Long acting (ultralente) insulin takes 6 to 14 hours to start working. It has no peak or a very small peak 10 to 16 hours after injection. It stays in the blood between 20 and 24 hours.

Why Do We Need Insulin In The First Place?

As discuss earlier,insulin is a hormone that allows our body to use glucose(sugar) from carbohydrate in the food we eat for energy or store it for future use . This is pretty much 101 stuff.We dig a little deeper in fast weight loss 201 article.It has something to do with Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP).

Every living cells need energy to survive. In cells, energy is stored and shuttled around using a molecule called Adenosine Tri-Phosphate.  Cells depend on ATP to survive, and to create ATP, they rely on glucose.So lets sum it up,

(survive)Cells====> ATP====>(create ATP) Glucose

ATP is generated by taking glucose by a process called OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Take a deep breath…..

Step 1:glucose is converted to an intermediate molecule called pyruvate via a process called glycolosis.

Step 2:With the present of  oxygen , this pyruvate is further converted to Acetyl CoA, which enters a cycle of reactions called the Citric Acid Cycle.

Step 3:This takes the carbon to carbon bonds and uses them to create high energy electrons

Step 4: Which are then passed down a chain of enzymes which use the electron’s energy to create a proton gradient, the force of which fuels ATP synthase, the enzyme which creates ATP from ADP.

This is a complex process ,hope this video able to help.

It took me a week to slightly understand and a month to totally understand the process.If you have a simpler form to explain this ,please comment below.TQ

Without glucose, cells cannot create ATP, and eventually die.

-souce nutritionwonderland.com

We are able to create glucose with  nearly every food that we eat :

a) The amino acids that make up proteins can be converted to glucose via an enzymatic process called gluconeogenesis.

b) Fats, are converted to glucose or its derivatives; glycerol, for example, can be converted to glucose via gluconeogenesis, and fatty acids can be converted to Acetyl CoA via beta oxidation.

No matter where it comes from, the glucose from our meals then ends up in our blood to travel around our bodies to the tissues that need it.

nutritionwonderland.com

Insulin and Weight Loss.

Insulin is a hormone that directly impact on weight loss.Insulin resistance implies that our body (primarily muscles) loses sensitivity to insulin. When the body produces insulin under conditions of insulin resistance, the cells in the body are resistant to the insulin and are unable to use it as effectively, leading to high blood sugar. Beta cells in the pancreas subsequently increase their production of insulin, further contributing to a high blood insulin level.- wikipedia.org

In short over produce of  insulin and the ineffectiveness in using insulin to convert glucose into energy.As a result ,lead to over flow of glucose in our blood stream.And this will lead to type 2 diabetes and also obesity

Although the exact causes of insulin resistance are not completely understood, scientists think the major contributors to insulin resistance are excess weight and physical inactivity.

A good explanation from Dr.Berg about Insulin Resistance

What Is The Things That Will Trigger Insulin Resistance and Make You Fat?

  1. One of the main ones is believed to be increased amount of fats in the blood.
  2. Fructose: A high intake of fructose (from added sugar, not fruit) has been linked to insulin resistance in both rats and humans . -(authoritynutrition.com)
  3. “Fast-food consumption has strong positive associations with weight gain and insulin resistance, suggesting that fast food increases the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.”-the lancet.com
  4. One possible answer is stress. Microbiologist Paul Black, MD, at Boston University writes that “repeated acute or chronic psychological stress may cause [inflammation seen in diabetes and cardiovascular disease].” He thinks that it may be the combination of stress and increasing fat levels that leads to insulin resistance and diabetes.-(diabetesselfmanagement.com)

Therefore, fats , sugar ,fast foods and stress is some of the main caused of insulin resistance and make you fat (not discussing about diabetes over here).

Do not be selfish! Share this secret to fast weight loss to your friends now.See you guys soon 🙂 .Take care.

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The Insulin hormone is directly impact on weight loss.When the body produces insulin.. ineffectiveness insulin to convert glucose will prohibit weight loss..
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The Insulin hormone is directly impact on weight loss.When the body produces insulin.. ineffectiveness insulin to convert glucose will prohibit weight loss..
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Part1:

FAST WEIGHT LOSS 201- THE EFFECT OF FOOD IN FAST FAT LOSS PART 1

 

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