GAS Training Principle- General Adaptation Syndrome

GAS Training Principle- General Adaptation Syndrome


Hei guys i am coach Weng here , in today”s article , i will be sharing about a training principle which called GAS .

Physical training ,such as weight lifting , aims to build a stronger body and increase strength level overtime .However , it is very important for a coach to understand and implement training theory and methodology ,as these components are vital in causing and optimizing training results.

GAS Training Principle- General Adaptation Syndrome

Dr Hans Seyle is the founder of this GAS or General Adaptation Syndrome training principle in 1956 .

Dr Hans Seyle suggested that the human body responds to stress in three different stages.

The first stage, which also called the  ‘shock stage”.

This is the initial reaction stage that happen to the body ,when someone just started weight lifting  This is the stage where the individual experiences soreness, stiffness and tiredness due to the initial ‘shock’ caused by the exercise.

The second stage of the GAS is called the ‘resistance stage’ .

This stage starts as soon as an individual stop exercise (rest/recovery) . During this stage, the human body recovers from the heavy training and the stress that put on the body.

These two stages,”shock” and “resistance” stages are natural responses and have positive effects on the body.

The third stage and last stage is called ‘exhaustion’ .

This stage happen when an individual train for a longer term  and the body does not have sufficient time to adapt.

As we learn on our previous article The Training Principles – 4 Principles Of Training That You Must Know ! , performance optimization is the result of long-term, demanding and well structured exercise training. In order for the athlete to gain maximum benefits from exercise, several factors involved in the adaptation mechanism have to be considered.

These factors include overload, specificity, individual differences and reversibility.

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